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Bisphenol A (BPA) 

Health Issue
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical substance found in many plastic products used in daily life, such as bottles containing infant formula, water and beverage containers, and food can linings. Concerns have been raised regarding the possibility of adverse health outcomes due to exposure to higher levels of BPA from different dietary sources.  A recent press release by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) provides an update on an ongoing assessment of the current scientific evidence on the safety of BPA. 

Recent News Articles
BPA Among Toxic Chemicals Driving Up Health Care Costs, Experts Say
Lynne Peeples, Huffington Post, 22 January 2014

BPA questions and answers: is it safe?
Laura Sesana, Washington Times, 6 January, 2014

PA Exposure Linked to Prostate Cancer
Brian Bienkowski and Environmental Health News, Scientific American, 7 January, 2014

Useful Links

World Health Organization
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meeting to Review Toxicological and Health Aspects of Bisphenol A

International Agency for Research on Cancer
Agents reviewed by the IARC monographs. In: IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. [2009]

European Food Safety Authority
Bisphenol A Bisphenol A: EFSA consults on assessment of risks to human health [Press Release]

European Chemicals Bureau
European Risk Assessment report: Bisphenol A. In: Existing chemicals risk assessment report [2003]

Bisphenol A (BPA): Use in Food Contact Application

National Toxicology Program (USA)
Bisphenol A Fact Sheet

Health Canada
Bisphenol A - Packaging Materials - Food Safety - Health Canada

Further Reading

Arnich, N., et al., Conclusions of the French Food Safety Agency on the toxicity of bisphenol A. Int J Hyg Environ Health, 2011. 214(3): p. 271-5.

Bushnik, T., et al., Lead and bisphenol A concentrations in the Canadian population. Health Rep, 2010. 21(3): p. 7-18.

Geens, T., L. Goeyens, and A. Covaci, Are potential sources for human exposure to bisphenol-A overlooked? Int J Hyg Environ Health, 2011. 214(5): p. 339-47.

Hengstler, J.G., et al., Critical evaluation of key evidence on the human health hazards of exposure to bisphenol A. Crit Rev Toxicol, 2011. 41(4): p. 263-91.

Geens, T., Aerts, D., Berthot, C., Bourguignon, J. P., Goeyens, L., Lecomte, P., . . . Covaci, A. (2012). A review of dietary and non-dietary exposure to bisphenol-A. Food Chem Toxicol, 50(10), 3725-3740. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.07.059

Huang, Y. Q., Wong, C. K., Zheng, J. S., Bouwman, H., Barra, R., Wahlstrom, B., . . . Wong, M. H. (2012). Bisphenol A (BPA) in China: a review of sources, environmental levels, and potential human health impacts. Environ Int, 42, 91-99. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2011.04.010

Vandenberg, L. N., Hunt, P. A., Myers, J. P., & Vom Saal, F. S. (2013). Human exposures to bisphenol A: mismatches between data and assumptions. Reviews on Environmental Health, 28(1), 37-58. doi: 10.1515/reveh-2012-0034

vom Saal, F., Akingbemi, B., Belcher, S., Birnbaum, L., Crain, D. A., Eriksen, M., . . . Zoeller, R. (2007). Chapel Hill bisphenol A expert panel consensus statement: integration of mechanisms, effects in animals and potential to impact human health at current levels of exposure. Reproductive Toxicology, 24(2),

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