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Health Issue
Ebola is a disease caused by the Ebola virus which captured its first case in 1976 near in the vicinity of the Ebola River in the Republic of Congo, West Africa. Within 2-21 days of exposure to infection, the disease expresses itself through flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and sore throat, which can progress to hemorrhages from different parts of the body whether to the outside or even internally, leading to death in as far as 90% of infected cases. While Ebola virus in not airborne, it can be transmitted via contact with body fluids of infected people such as saliva or blood. Other causes include direct contact with infected animals or medical instruments used for treatment of infected cases. In the past few months, the ever outbreak of Ebola virus disease to date erupted in the West African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. Despite the strict protocols adopted by healthcare workers, and global efforts to contain the spread of infections, people with latent infections made their way to countries beyond the outbreak ground zero. World Health Organization reported a total of 7492 cases and 3439 deaths as of October 3, 2014. Clinical trials of a Canadian anti-Ebola vaccine are expected to start in few weeks, as confirmed by the World Health Organization.

Recent News Articles

5th American With Ebola Returning From Liberia
Josh Funk, Associated Press, ABC News, October 5, 2014

U.S. Considering Tougher Ebola Screening at Major Airports
Andrea Mitchell and Daniel Arkin, NBC News, October 5 2014

CDC director: To keep Ebola away, fight it in Africa
Natalie DiBlasio, USA TODAY, October 5, 2014

Ebola fears sweep the nation as 100 new potential victims reported by hospitals on high alert for deadly virus
Keiran Corcoran, Daily Mail, October 5, 2014

Ebola could hit UK ‘within three weeks’: Scientists warn of 50% chance virus will spread here 
Ben Spencer, Daily Mail, October 5, 2014 

CDC Director Tom Frieden: Ebola 'Drug Pipeline Will Be Slow'
Dale Armbruster and Shaquille Brewster, NBC News, October 5, 2014

How Ebola sped out of control
Lena H. Sun, Brady Dennis, Lenny Bernstein, Joel Achenbach, Washington Post, ‎October 4, 2014‎

CDC chief warns travel ban could make Ebola crisis worse
Fox News, October 5, 2014

Canada has no reason to panic with Ebola appearing in Texas ...
Toronto Star, October 3, 2014

Ebola vaccine trials will start in weeks, say WHO and company.
Karen Pauls, CBC News, October 03, 2014

Ebola: What Canada is doing to prepare
Kelly Grant, The Globe and Mail, October 2, 2014

Why Canadians Shouldn't Worry About Ebola in North America
Jason Tetro, Huffington Post Canada, October 1, 2014

1st Ebola case in U.S.: Health ministers reassure Canadians
Helen Branswell, The Canadian Press, September 30, 2014

Ebola surging beyond control, WHO's Margaret Chan warns. Efforts must multiply to catch up with outbreaks of Ebola virus, WHO head says
CBC News, September 12, 2014

Useful Links

World Health Organization
Ebola Virus Factsheet

Ebola Outbreak Response: Maps

Centers for Disease Prevention and Control – USA
Ebola Virus Disease

National Health Services – UK
Ebola Virus Disease

Public Health Agency of Canada
Ebola Virus Disease

European Center for Disease prevention and Control
Ebola and Marburg Viruses

European Surveillance System
Containing Ebola virus infection in West Africa

Food and Drug Administration, USA
2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

Doctors without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)

Further Readings

Gostin, L.; Lucey, D.; Phelan, A. The Ebola epidemic: a global health emergency. (2014) JAMA. 312(11):1095-6

Turner, C. Ebola virus disease: an emerging threat. (2014) Nursing 44(9):68-9

Kanapathipillai, R. Ebola virus disease--current knowledge. (2014) New England Journal of Medicine, 371(13):e18

Joffe S. Evaluating novel therapies during the Ebola epidemic. (2014) JAMA 312(13):1299-300,

Cheng, A.; Kelly H. Are we prepared for Ebola and other viral haemorrhagic fevers?. (2014) Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 38(5):403-4 

Rid A., Emanuel E. Why should high-income countries help combat Ebola? (2014) JAMA,  312(13):1297-8

Butler, D. Global Ebola response kicks into gear at last. (2014) Nature, 513(7519):469 

Frieden, T.; Damon, I.; Bell, B.; Kenyon, T.; Nichol, S. Ebola 2014--new challenges, new global response and responsibility. (2014) New England Journal of Medicine, 371(13):1177-80

Guarner, J. When the rubber meets the road: dealing with a returning traveler from west Africa during the ebola outbreak of 2014. (2014) American Journal of Clinical Pathology.  142(4):428-30

Rastogi, J. Canadians leading anti-Ebola research. (2014) CMAJ Canadian Medical Association Journal.  186(13):E477

Cohen, J. Infectious Disease. Ebola vaccines racing forward at record pace. (2014) Science, 345(6202):1228-9

Hoenen, T.; Groseth, A.; Feldmann H.Current ebola vaccines. (2012) Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy, 12(7):859-72

Feldmann, H., Geisbert, T., Ebola haemorrhagic fever. (2011) The Lancet, 377 (9768), pp. 849-862.

Leroy, E.M., Epelboin, A., Mondonge, V., Pourrut, X., Gonzalez, J.-P., Muyembe-Tamfum, J.-J., Formenty, P. Human ebola outbreak resulting from direct exposure to fruit bats in Luebo, Democratic Republic of Congo, 2007. (2009) Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 9 (6), pp. 723-728

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